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Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of German Nazi concentration camps and extermination camps built and operated by the third reach in Poland areas annexed by Nazi Germany during the Second World War. The first extermination of prisoners took place in 1941. Here died at least 1.1 million prisoners, 90% being Jewish. Around 144 prisoners escaped from the camp. The remaining prisoners in the camp were liberated on 27th January 1945, commemorated as International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
Here are 10 facts about the place.
750 out of a total of about 7,500 staff of Auschwitz were punished.
The loss of lives in the Second World War was huge, yes, but little do we know that the loss of life in Auschwitz was more than the loss and casualties in America and Britain combined.
A lady exposed up to 3,000 hiding Jews to the Gestapo to save her family. But still her family was sent to Auschwitz in 1943. She still worked for the Gestapo till 1945.
The camp lasted for 4 and a half years and was the reason for around 1.1 million deaths.
He survived this concentration camp but unfortunately died of lung cancer in 1980.
Salamo Arouch, a Jewish boxer, was imprisoned at Auschwitz. He was forced to fight fellow prisoners. Those who lost were sent to chambers or even shot on the spot. Until the camp was liberated that is for 2 years, he had to win over 200 fights in order to survive.
A guard here fell in love with a Jewish prisoner and helped her several times and she in return testified on his behalf during his trial after the war.
About $125 million today or 60 million reichsmarks that time were generated from here just because of the slave trade.
People want to know, but little they know. A brave polish soldier, Witold Pilecki volunteered to be imprisoned so that he could gather information. He then escaped and the world was familiarised with the holocaust.
An aspirin producing company, Bayer, brought prisoners so that they could be used as research objects for their new drugs.