Mythology and science, both aim at providing answers to the mystery of the universe.
Indian mythology is not a myth. It has often been considered as a base for scientific discoveries. When we study mythology and the Theory of Evolution, the approach seems to be quite similar. Whether it is a mere coincidence or a fact, gains mixed reviews.
Darwin's Theory of Evolution states that we have evolved from a common source, primarily from water. Evolutionary theory, when viewed from a particular perspective, neatly intersects with the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu.
Read on to witness the striking resemblance between the two.
According to Darwin's theory, life began in the ocean. Vishnu's first avatar, Matsya, was a fish.
Vishnu's first avatar on earth was in the form of a fish at the beginning of Satyuga.
Darwin says the first class of vertebrates evolved in water in the form of fishes in the Silurian period.
Darwin said that the species then began coming out of the water. Kurma, Vishnu's second avatar was an amphibian.
Kurma - the tortoise appeared during Samudramanthan in Satyuga. Life moved from water to the land.
Darwin suggests the second stage was when the fish finally evolved out of the water, evolved to reptiles (with legs to be accurate). The examples are tortoise, lizards, etc.
Darwin soon brought in light the need to traverse long distances, so creatures developed legs. Varaha, the third incarnation, was a boar.
The Varaha avatar (Satyuga), signifies the birth of the mammal.
Theory of Evolution says reptiles evolved into semi-amphibians and then into mammals and land animals in the Triassic period.
Narasimha Avatar has the upper body of a lion but lower body of a man which indicates the transformation from animal to human form. This directly relates to the idea of a pre-human without a well-developed brain.
Evolutionary theory suggests the transformation from animal to ape in the fourth stage of evolution. Beings that are half animal and half human.
Vaman avatar represents a being that is very close to humans but is extremely short. It indicates the complete transition into human form and the beginning of intelligence in humans.
The fifth stage according to the Evolutionary Theory is the transformation from ape to short, premature human beings. The change signified developed intelligence.
Warrior with an axe, from the Tretayug, this is the sixth avatar of Vishnu that has no animal characteristics and wields an axe. So Parashuram, in other words, is a Homo Sapien.
Evolutionary theory suggests the appearance of early humans living in forests using weapons. Homo Sapien is the present day human and biological evolution ends at this stage.
The prince and the king of Ayodhya from the Tretayuga.
Lord Rama represents the fact that man has not only evolved, but also his quality of living and mannerisms have fully developed.
Darwin states that humans started living in a community and developed mannerisms. Survival of the fittest began.
Lord Krishna is the eighth avatar and a flagbearer of cultivation, war and philosophy.
The Theory of Evolution coincides here with the humans practising animal husbandry and politically advanced societies.
Buddha was the ninth incarnation of Vishnu in Kaliyuga. This avatar signifies the fact that a human being is capable of attaining Moksha.
Parallel to this, Darwin suggests the phase of Humans attaining enlightenment.
Kalki is predicted in the Puranas to be the tenth and the last avatar of Vishnu which will incarnate at the peak of Kali Yuga or the Last Great Age of the Earth. He would be here to restart the whole cycle. Species will be disappearing, and the world will come to an end.
The evolution many times proposes that whatever is created has to be destroyed to begin the process of creation all over again. And this very aptly fits into the theory of Dashavatar.
The article aims at discovering the fact that how two theories developed by entirely different kind of people in different places, and at different times in history, end up so similar.
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