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IN History & Culture ON 18 Jun, 2015
There have been many incidents in the world that have made long and deep impacts on the minds of people, broken hearts and made us doubt humanity. However, we have always learned from all those mistakes and the world is about to be a better place. But just so that you don't forget the severity of these incidents and always remember that a war or a conflict or even a quarrel is never the solution, here are the 12 incidents that we wish we could erase and which constantly remind us that it should never, ever happen again.
Undeniably the worst man-made calamity of all time, the Chernobyl Disaster that took place in Chernobyl on April 26, 1986 was caused due to the explosion of a nuclear reactor in the nuclear power plant in the city. The disaster claimed 29 lac lives in one week since it happened but the lives it destroyed by mental and physical deformations due to mutations is countless and people still suffer from the 30-year-old incident.
The October Revolution was successful in overthrowing the Russian monarchy on November 7, 1917. The Bolsheviks led by Lenin, who usurped the power and took over the government immediately after were staunch supporters of communism. Although the October Revolution did not directly lead to the loss of human life, it resulted in the rise of a communist Russia and also of Joseph Stalin who succeeded Lenin and is said to have killed over 60 million people during his regime.
The great economic depression that hit America in 1929 with the crashing of the stock market on Wall Street soon took over the world. Many people lost their jobs and the prices of commodities soared to the skies during this period. The unemployment rate in some nations went up to 33%. Most of America's working class, impoverished, was forced to live in shanties. 25 lac people in Britain lost their jobs and although the Depression cannot be said to have taken any lives directly, it sure did destroy millions of people and their dreams.
Dubbed as 'the war to end all wars', the first world war was a result of factionalism and the ever-increasing territorial dispute among the European nations . The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the crown prince of Austria triggered the first world war and spanned for over 4 years killing 16 million people and an incredible loss of infrastructure in Europe. The result of the first world war was, the second.
The second world war which was a direct result of the first, ensued in Europe for six years with Germany's invasion of Poland. The second world war was marked by the rise of a key figure in Germany and later the world history, Adolf Hitler. The second world war costed 85 million human lives and an unprecedented loss of civilian property all over Europe. It also took away one whole young generation and affected almost all nations of the world, directly or indirectly.
Just when the memories of the second world war were as fresh as yesterday, the Americans allied with South Vietnam, invaded North Vietnam to go on a 20-year war which would go on to kill 3 million people during it's course. The USA lost the war but with it, was swept away another young generation in the form of soldiers from both sides. It was once again proved that a war creates more problems than it solves.
A conflict between two ethnic groups in Rwanda led the Hutus to undertake a manslaughter of about one million people which was then a large percentage of the total population of the nation. It left most of the people homeless and most of the children, orphans.
In 1979, the well-fed, comfortably and happily settled Iranians overthrew the monarchy of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahalvi , the then king of Iran accusing him of being a puppet of America. The revolution was marked by the rise of Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeni who promised the nation to preserve the 'traditions' that they had been following since many years. The revolution resulted in the execution of many thousand people including Iran's Prime Minister. Newspapers were shut down and the freedom of expression was suppressed by the Ayatollah. The revolution also resulted in the Iraq-Iran war which again, had it's own causalities.
The Nazis under Adolf Hitler, considered the Jews to be of 'inferior blood'. As a result, according to their 'Final Solution', they killed 2 out of every 3 Jews. The Holocaust consisted of barbaric methods of torture and mass-murder. It resulted in the death of over 6 million Jews.
The discovery of Africa led the European and American people to the idea of using the African people as slaves for their daily works and chores of the most inferior level or that which possessed a harm to human life. The slavery was itself a dark spot in the history of mankind and during the ill treated 'shipping of the slaves', over 60 million African people lost their lives.
The 9/11 terror attack which no American might be ever able to forget was one of the biggest terrorist attacks ever. On September 11, 2001 the twin towers of the WTC were destroyed by plane crashes. Immediately after that, the Pentagon also was crashed in by another plane. The attack carried out by Al-Qaeda killed about 3000 civilians and remains the worst man-made disaster of the 21st century.
As an answer to the attack on the Pearl Harbor, America took the most extreme and horrible step in the history of mankind. The dropping of atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was in no way justifiable and will never be. The bomb dropped on Hiroshima destroyed 5 square miles of the city within moments. The total human loss was almost about 3 million and Japan was utterly shattered due to the attack. The mutations created by radiations haunted Japan for decades to come and yet, the nation rose to glory from the ashes, just like a Phoenix.