Hindu King of Chauhan dynasty, Prithviraj Chauhan is a famous name in the Indian history, and it is all because of his bravery and courage. There was a show which aired on Indian Television channel Star Plus which highlighted major events of the ruler's life. The anecdotes of his bravery have been very famous ever since his childhood.
Prithviraj Chauhan was also the last Hindu ruler who sat on the throne of Delhi. After his reign, Delhi was ruled by Muslims, and then a lot of reforms came under their supervision and leadership.
I have a list of some interesting facts about the ruler and how he made a difference as a warrior of his times.
Prithviraj Chauhan aka Rai Pithora was born into a Chauhan family. He controlled the region of present-day Rajasthan, Haryana, and Delhi. His capital was located at Ajmer, and he majorly operated from there.
An interesting book has been written on Prithviraj Chauhan named as Prithviraj Chauhan and His Times written by R. V. Somani. Both Prithviraj and his younger brother Hariraja were born in Gujarat where their father Someshvara was brought up.
Prithviraj Chauhan was a fearless and intelligent child blessed with sharp military skills. Even as a young boy, he could accurately hit targets only on the basis of its sounds. In fact, it is also said that he had mastered in six different languages. After the death of his father in a battle in 1179, he succeeded the throne.
Dharti Ka Veer Yodha Prithviraj Chauhan was a show which aired from 2006 to 2009 and highlighted his entire life. It also deeply showed his love life with Sanyukta whose father hated Chauhans.
Prithviraj Chauhan defeated a great king at the mere age of thirteen. His grandfather had then declared him as the successor and future ruler of their kingdom to take the legacies of their dynasty forward.
Prithviraj and Sanyukta fell in love with each other but Sanyukta's father Jaichandra used to hate Chauhans. So, to teach them a lesson Jaichandra arranged a 'Swayamwara' (a ceremony where a bride can choose her husband from the assembled Princes).
On the day of the 'Swayamvara', Sanyukta ignored all the suitors present at the event and garlanded the clay statue. Then Prithviraj, who was hiding behind the statue, came out of his hiding and eloped with Sanyukta, taking her to Delhi.
Prithviraj Chauhan led the Rajput army in the Battles of Tarain which were fought in 1191 and 1192 against the Ghurid force led by Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghori. He won the first battle and captured his enemy whom he later on released.
Chauhan was unfortunately defeated at the second battle following which he was captured by his enemies.
Prithviraj Chauhan was captured by Muhammad Ghori at the Second Battle of Tarain and executed. After her husband was taken captive by Muhammad Ghori, Maharani Sanyukta and other Rajput women ended their lives instead of surrendering to the Afghan invaders.
This article is an excerpt from Penguin Random House's book The Emperor of Hearts: Prithviraj Chauhan written by Anuja Chandramouli.