Sex-ratio is used to define the number of females per 1000 males. In our country, the sex ratio was considered to be okay till the time of independence, after which it declined gradually.
India suffers from an enormous amount of inequality when it comes to sex-ratio. While Kerala has had the highest sex ratio for years, Punjab and Haryana have been disappointing the nation in this field.
However, this time around, rigidly archaic and patriarchal areas of Haryana, which led to the atrocious sex ratio at birth counts, have taken everyone by surprise. With 914 girls against 1000 boys, the state has broken all of its own records.
In 2016, Haryana saw a sex-ratio of 900 girls per 1000 boys and in 2015, it was 876 girls per 1000 boys. As we entered 2017 the sex-ratio was 871 girls to 1000 boys and at the end of 2017, it was reported to be 914 girls per 1000 boys, ie. an increase of 43 points.
You will be happy to know 17 districts of Haryana achieved a sex-ratio of 900 girls for 1000 boys and the sex ratio of districts did not go below 880 girls for 1000 boys in 2017. The highest sex-ratio was reported from Panipat with 945 girls to 1000 boys followed by Yamuna Nagar at 943. Districts like Mohindergarh, Jhajjar, Rewari and Sonipat had miserable sex-ration in 2011 but have shown an improvement by 136, 96, 91 and 88 points respectively.
As per Times Of India, Dera Halwana, a village in Haryana's Karnal district that has a population of 7000 people, recorded a ratio of 1500 girls to 1000 boys. It credited the high sex ratio to an age-old tradition of Kanyadaan. The residents of the village strongly believed it and said, "Kanyadaan is the biggest offering. A house without a girl is not auspicious. So we tried to have a baby girl."
The success behind achieving the highest sex-ratio for the first time in 16 years has been credited to the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao campaign which was started by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2015 to create awareness around welfare for girls. The main focus of this scheme was Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Bihar and Delhi.
The BBBP scheme mainly focuses on topping discrimination against female child, ensuring survival and protection of girls and participation of girls in education and other areas.
Benefits derived by a girl child would be that she will be able to open an account which will reduce the financial burden and money will also be given to her for her small needs. With that, the highest amount of interest rate is given by the government under the scheme even for small savings amount.
The best part of this scheme is that when the girl turns 21, the account will mature. At the age of 18, she will receive money for higher education and by the time she turns 21, she will be able to take money from the account for her marriage.
The state authorities informed that about 550 FIRs were registered under the Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques and Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act against and offenders trying to indulge in female foeticide were successfully deployed.
Dr. Sonia Trikha, the director of Haryana State Health Resource Centre quoted, "There are more girls surviving at birth in Haryana. We now need to focus that they get better nourished and provided opportunities to pursue their dreams."
Also, officials at the Chief Minister's Office (CMO), said, "After the launch of the 'Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao' campaign Haryana in 2015, the government of the state has carried out many pronged drive to erase the blot of skewed sex ratio in the state."