Your friends often call you by these names?
Well, not every person who doesn't fit into the societal norms of slim or fit is fat.
According to a University of Washington in Lancet study that spans over 33 years of research and was published earlier this year, India with 41 million obese people ranks third after the United States and China.
News daily The Hindu quotes a study that claims that India has the second highest number of obese children in the world after China. And as the world gears up for the Anti-Obesity Day on November 26, here is all you need to know about this global epidemic.
There is a HUGE difference between being OVERWEIGHT and being OBESE.
Overweight is a condition where the person weighs more than what is considered to be the ideal weight. An overweight person's Body Mass Index (BMI) is equal to or between 25 and 30.
Obesity is a medical condition in which a person has excess body fat, so much so that it starts affecting his or her health. A person is considered obese if his or her weight is greater than or equal to 30.
World Health Organisation has defined weight for age percentiles for children till 19 years of age that can help define if they are overweight or obese. But the suggestion is that approach a doctor for the same.
Unlike popular belief, obesity is NOT a lifestyle disorder. Various bariatric surgeons (doctors who help extremely obese people to reduce weight) say that obesity is a disease and needs to be managed under supervision. No gym or diet plan will help, and a doctor visit is a MUST.
Obesity is prevalent in all parts of the world except sub-Saharan Africa and was recognised as a global epidemic by the World Health Organisation in 1997.
MYTH BUST: Obesity is NOT caused because of the thyroid, but can, in turn, lead to diseases like breathing problems, high blood pressure, diabetes, gallbladder and gallstones diseases, osteoarthritis, gout and HEART ATTACK. Well not everyone WILL have this diseases, but the risk is always prevalent and will increase if there is a history of the same in the family.
According to WHO, obesity and overweight pose for the FIFTH leading risks for deaths with a global death tally of 2.8 million people dying every year.
So what causes a person to be obese? Unhealthy eating, laid-back lifestyle, lack of sleep, and of course a person's genetics.
According to the University of Washington study, India has seen a significant rise in obesity from 19th position (for both men and women) in 1975 to rankings 5th for obese men and 3rd for obese women.
According to National Family Health Survey, Andhra Pradesh, Puducherry, and Sikkim registered an alarming percentage of 30 percent of their population falling in the obese category.
While India being a developing country, one would think that malnutrition or being underweight would be the cause of high death rates in the country, but reality stands otherwise.
Another MYTH BUST: Obesity is also prevalent among the rural population with over 14.3 percent rural population being obese.
First Anti-Obesity campaign was launched by Vandana Luthra, founder of wellness brand VLCC in 2001, which on receiving media coverage became an annual campaign.