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IN History & Culture ON 29 May, 2015
We are taught so many things about history in our elementary schools and culture, but everything which is told to us is not true.
Medieval legend says that a woman named Lady Godiva rode naked on her horse through the English city of Coventry centuries ago. Although a Lady Godiva really existed, no evidence links her with such a deed.
Einstein was brilliant from an early age at studies. He got a failure tag when he failed in his entrance exam to the Swiss Polytechnic in Zurich (despite excelling in the maths and physics sections), but he was only 16, two years younger than most people applying for university and he was under pressure from his dad to enter a technical profession rather than pursue learning. So saying he was a failure during his school time is a big "No".
The Bible tells the tale of Herod executing John the Baptist and giving his head as a gift to his daughter in reward for her dance at his birthday. Most people mistakenly believe that Salome, the daughter, requested this out of anger for John refuses her advances. It was, in fact, Herodias, her mother who wanted John killed, not Salome – she was merely the messenger.
Light bulbs were discovered by several people pioneer to Thomas Edison. Edison was not the first who invented electric bulb although he brought out longer-lasting incandescent versions of light bulb that became viable commercially.
Almost everybody in the Middle Ages considered Earth to be flat, it was Columbus's big contribution to prove that "Earth" was round. Columbus voyages have been painted as an attempt to prove to skeptical clergy and kings that the earth was round, but this is largely thanks to Washington Irvine's 1828 biography of Columbus, which takes a few artistic licenses.
Although there were images of witches being burned at the stake, this didn't happen. Instead, most of the 20 people who were convicted and then killed were hanged at Salem Trials . Many who survived were simply imprisoned later on.
Napoleon Bonaparte had an average height, he was 5 foot 6 inches in height. Some of confusion comes down to the difference between French and English measurement: the pounce, a pre-revolution unit that is slightly longer than a British inch. So 5'2" in pounce is 5'6" in feet and inches.
All the stuff about Arthur being a king, ruling at Camelot, Lancelot, Merlin, Excalibur, ladies in was just a mixture of folklore, medieval literature and poetry, most notably from Geoffrey of Monmouth, who put together a history of all the kings of England in 1136.
Marie Antoinette is always considered to be associated with this phrase but there is no evidence she ever said it.
Vikings didn't wear horned helmets into battle. This myth raised in 9th century when Oseburg tapestry showed someone in a horned helmet, but either it's someone performing a ritual or it's supposed to be a god. It was not a practical thing to wear horned helmet while cutting down unsuspecting English Christians with sword.
Remember everything you learned about history is not true.