Is necessity the mother of all inventions? Well, this can be validated from the list of inventions by Indians here.
From coming up with the concept of shampoo to developing Ayurveda medication and the game of chess, Indians have always been witty. We have also had great masterminds like physician Sushruta, CV Raman, Aryabhata among others.
Some of the inventions are stumbled upon by accident, and some are a result of toil. The Indian culture and heritage are so wide and replete that to fulfill a lot of purposes, there were a number of inventions.
The discoveries and inventions are from the genres of metallurgy, genetics, mathematics, games, lifestyle, and health. It is widely known that Indians invented zero, the concept of trigonometry and were also the ones to find water on the Moon.
Have a look at the inventions and be enlightened by the classic path-breaking history of India.
From ornamental buttons being used in the Indus Valley Civilisation to the present day usage of fastening, buttons had been first used by Indians. The first traces date 5000 years back, in Mohenjo-daro.
In ancient India, a number of herbs and their extracts were used for cleansing hair. Over the years we have got what we now call as shampoo. The word 'Shampoo' is derived from chāmpo (चाँपो). Initially, dried Indian gooseberries popularly referred to as 'amla' were used for shampooing.
India had been blessed with great mathematicians. The Fibonacci sequence was first described by Virahanka, Gopāla and Hemachandra, mainly as an outgrowth of the earlier writings on Sanskrit prosody by Pingala.
You will be surprised, but it is true. First plastic surgery was carried out by Indians, as early as 2000 BCE. The surgeon Sushruta mainly contributed to this technique.
In earlier times, the source of carbon pigment was used as ink in India. It was obtained by burning substances such as tar and pitch. As early as 4th century BC, India is using ink.
Coming over to the field of construction, Indians used flush toilets in the ancient cities of Mohenjodaro and Harappa.
Although the Babylonians used zero to indicate absence, in 500 AD Aryabhata gave a new symbol for zero (0).
Dr Narendra Singh Kapany is widely recognised as the 'Father of Fibre Optics'. He has done the pioneering work in the field of fiber optics technology. He has also been named as one of the 7 'Unsung Heroes' by Fortune Magazine.
Rulers made from Ivory were in use by the Indus Valley Civilization, the ones found in excavation point at the decimal accuracy even at that time.
It was first introduced as a game of morality. It later spread to the countries of England and was introduced in the USA by Milton Bradley in 1943.
Indians started cultivating cotton during the 5th – 4th millennium BCE in the Indus Valley Civilization. Even the modern cotton industry uses methods of cotton spinning and fabrication that were used in the Indus Valley Civilisation. Later, the use of cotton textiles spread to the Mediterranean and beyond.
It was in central India that diamond mining first evolved along the rivers Krishna and Godavari. Also, FYI, India was the only source of diamonds until the 18th century, after which Brazil came in.
Indian physician Sushruta knew the technique of a cataract surgery. It was performed with a special tool called the Jabamukhi Salaka, a curved needle used to loosen the lens and push the cataract out of the field of vision. Soon, it spread to China, and the Greeks came to India to learn the technique.
We hope this piece was informative for you. Do share in comments below to share some more facts that you may know about India.