Ramayan and Mahabharat, the two main Hindu mythological writings, tell us stories about ancient India. From Vedas to Puranas, our beliefs and assumptions have been based on their various versions found across India.
Our elders have been telling us the great stories from the mythological tale of the Ramayana. But many versions of them leave us in a state of confusion. One such story we talk about is about great Lord Hanuman or Mahabali Hanuman.
Most of us know about his love and selfless devotion to his master Lord Rama. We also know about his pledge to stay away from the worldly pleasures and live a life of Brahmacharya - a life without marital relations.
That is what we know or we might have heard. But is it true? Was Lord Hanuman really a Brahmachari and didn't marry? Or did he?
Several theories prevail about it.
As Hanuman grew, his mother told him to get educated. There is no better teacher than Surya, the Sun god, who dispels all darkness. So following his mother's orders, Lord Hanuman reached Surya Mandala and humbly prayed to the Sun god to impart education. From Sun god, he learned Vedas, Vedangas, and Upangas.
By the time he had gained all the knowledge, he was ready to graduate. He bowed to Lord Surya and thanked him for educating him. He offered to give Lord Surya a Guru Dakshina. It is believed that Lord Surya asked him to marry his daughter Suvarchala as a Guru Dakshina.
He studied the Vedas and mastered the Nine Vyakarnas. Being a born celibate, Lord Hanuman was not eligible to study the Nava Vyakarnas (nine grammars) for which becoming a Grihastha (married man) was essential. In order to facilitate the completion of his education, Surya Bhagwan created a beautiful daughter Suvarchala Devi, from the Sun rays and arranged a marriage with Hanuman to make him a Grahasth.
Hanuman reminded Lord Surya about his resolve to follow Brahmacharya through out his life. In this pursuit, Hanuman received the boon from Sun god that he would remain a Brahmachari even after marriage. The Sun god told him that the marriage is only for the welfare of the Universe and it would not affect his chosen course of celibacy.
There is a temple in Andhra Pradesh that has the idols of Lord Hanuman with his wife. It is believed that the idols are that of Lord Hanuman and his wife Suvarchala and together they are known as Suvarchala Anjaneya.
Hanuman obeyed his Guru and married Suvarchala. It is stated in PARASARA SAMHITA that Surya offered his daughter Suvarchala in marriage on JYESTHA SUDDHA DASAMI. It was a Wednesday. Those who follow this tradition, even to this day, observe "HANUMAT KALYANAM" (Hanuman's Marriage) on JYESTHA SUDDHA DASAMI.
Jainism has another version of the story. According to Jain literature, Hanuman is not a celibate. He married princess Anangakusuma, the daughter of Kharadushana and Ravana's sister Chandranakha. Ravana also presented Hanuman one of his nieces as a second wife.
When Hanuman took a dip in the waters of the sea after burning whole of Lanka, a drop of his sweat fell in mouth of a mighty fish. As a result, the Makardhwaja was born.
According to other versions of the Ramayana, Macchanu is the son of Hanuman borne by Suvannamaccha, daughter of Ravana. The Jain text Paumacariya also mentions that Hanuman married Lankasundari, the daughter of Lanka's chief defender Bajramukha.
Born with the boon of an eternal life, Lord Hanuman is an embodiment of truth, faith, knowledge, courage, and righteousness. It is also said that any body who worships Hanuman would be free from the ill effects of planetary alignments.
Worshipped by many to gain courage and strength in their lives, Lord Hanuman is the ultimate symbol of devotion. The strange yet the pure form of innocence he had in him since his childhood. Lord Hanuman is
the highest and perfect example of strength, devotion, and perseverance.
He was born to Anjana (also known as Anjani) who was 'a vanara' princess and father Kesari, a 'vanara' chief. Several Hindu texts consider him as an incarnation of Lord Shiva. He is also regarded as the son of the wind-god Pawan, who according to several stories, played a role in his birth.
It is said that after the war in Lanka, Hanuman proceeded to The Himalayas to continue his worship of Lord Ram. He etched his version of Ram's tale on the walls of Himalayan caves with his nails.
Every coin has two different sides. The same is the case with mythology. We have heard about it from our ancestors but haven't seen it in real. Nobody is taking a side but just bringing in light whatever was hidden.