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IN History & Culture ON 08 May, 2015
The powerful history of China is marked by these great emperors. In their territory, they worked for peace, prosperity and wealth and made China a strong unified nation. Let's dive in history and find out about these legendary and influential rulers of China.
She was the only woman empress in Chinese history to ascend the throne and ruled the empire for over half century. Wu Zetian reinforced centralization and gave great importance to agricultural development. She initiated a campaign to elevate the position of women to challenge Confucian beliefs against "rule by women" and encouraged talented people to take a post in her government.
Genghis khan was the founder of great Mongol Empire (from Central Europe to the Sea of Japan) which is the largest empire in the Chinese history. He destroyed the military of opposing nations and created a unified empire.
The emperor is well known for his great decision to command Zheng He to begin exploratory sea voyages to "the West Sea", that was the water near the bank of Indian Ocean and South Pacific Ocean. He was the third Emperor of the Ming Dynasty. He took over the throne from his nephew and moved the capital from Nanjing to Beijing where he constructed the Forbidden City.
Emperor Kangxi Was the second emperor of the Quing Dynasty. He was the longest-reigning emperor in the history of China. The emperor brought the Yellow River( is the second-longest river in Asia) under control and successfully fulfilled his promise of "Never raise taxes" to his people. He also recaptured Taiwan as a part of Fujian Province. His actions strengthened the imperial power and the society became stable, which paved the way for economic development. He improved wealth and people under him enjoyed their most of the time in peace and prosperity.
Emperor Qianlong is one of the most famous emperors in Chinese history. Qianlong was a grandson of the great Emperor Kangxi and the fourth Emperor of the Qing Dynasty. During his empire, he continued the era of prosperity. He emphasized the importance to agriculture and also stopped raising taxes for some years. Qianlong was a talented poet and calligrapher. He wrote five albums of poetry and three collections of essays. The Emperor was famous for collecting relics and was fond of jade carving, tooth carving, bamboo carving, lacquer, enamel and porcelain art.
Song Taizu founded the Song Dynasty in the third Chinese golden age. During his empire, he weakened the military so as to prevent anyone else rising to power as he did. He promised to not to kill any officers challenging him and created an atmosphere that allowed a great deal of freedom of discussion and thought, that facilitated the growth in the fields of science, economics, arts and literature.
He was one of the wisest Chinese Emperors. Tang Taizong carried out the land dividing system based on household population with a fair system of taxation, which greatly lifted the heavy burden of peasants. Tang's prosperity and open atmosphere brought more frequent economic and cultural contacts between the Tang Empire and foreign countries. His rule of twenty-three years brought the most prominent era of peace and prosperity in ancient China's society and the Tang Empire emerged as the most powerful empire in the world at that time.
Emperor Wen of Sui was the founder and first Emperor of China's Sui Dynasty. He made efforts to keep China unified when it was undergoing serious splits over hundreds of years. His rule opened a great period of prosperity that was not seen since the Han Dynasty. It was said that there was enough food stored for 50 years during his empire.
He is remembered in Chinese history as a pioneer of the nation for the vast territorial expansion during his reign. Qin Shihuang, was regarded as the first Emperor who unified China in terms of territory.