The President of India is the rightful head of the whole country. One becomes the President by taking the oath to preserve, protect and defend the constitution and the law of India. Definitely, no one can certainly become the head of the largest democracy of the world just like that. There's a procedure and that procedure is what we are here going to talk about.
Unlike other countries such as the United States of America and Russia, the President of India has certainly fewer powers than the Prime Minister of India as India follows the parliamentary form of government. But nevertheless, you are the de jure head of the country if you are the President and no one has the power to deny that.
If we talk about the powers that the President of our nation holds, he/she has the might to dissolve the Lok Sabha at once. Let's have a complete overview on the powers of the President of India and how to become one.
The President is the common head of all independent constitutional entities. All his actions, recommendations (Article 3, Article 111, Article 274, etc.) and supervisory powers (Article 74(2), Article 78 c, Article 108, Article 111, etc.) over the executive and legislative entities of India shall be used in accordance to uphold the constitution. A bill passed in the Parliamentary can only become a law if it has the signatures of the Honourable President of India.
So these were some of the legislative powers of the President. Let's have a look at some of the executive powers of the President.
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had the President of India, Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed proclaim a state of national emergency from 25 June 1975 to 21 March 1977.
The President of India has the power to declare Emergency throughout the country. Following are the circumstances under which the President can declare the emergencies.
State Emergency: It is declared when there is a failure of constitutional machinery in the state.
National Emergency: It can be declared at the time of war, armed rebellion or external aggression. Financial Emergency: It can be declared if the Indian President gets the belief that the financial stability of the country is threatened.
The President of India is also entitled to be the Supreme Commander of all the Armed forces of the nation.
So till now, we have seen what are the powers of the President. Keep scrolling to know, how one becomes the President of the largest democracy of the world.
For a candidate, to become the President of India, he/she must be: A citizen of India, 35 years of age or above and qualified to become a member of the Lok Sabha.
Unlike the other elections that are held in our country in which the people participate directly to elect their leaders, the President of India is elected by the closed representative of each state.
But how does one get nominated?
People who are aspiring to become the President, fill their name and portfolio in the Election Commission of India. The dates for filling up this year were declared by the Commission from 14th June 2017 to 17th July.
It would have been so easy for anyone to become the President of India if it would just have been about filling up names.
But my friend, it is politics and here's how those rules comes into the picture...
In this election, because BJP has the majority in both the houses of parliament, it (the ruling party) has the advantage in nominating their candidate.
Earlier in 2002, when the government was led by Atal Bihari Vajpayee, both the opposition and ruling party zeroed for the same candidate nominated by the ruling party BJP.
And he was...
During the Presidential elections of 2002, Dr APJ Abdul Kalam, popularly known as the 'Missile Man of India' was nominated by the Bhartiya Janta Party and later became the President of India.
After a prolonged silence on the issue, BJP chief Amit Shah has finally opened up regarding the discussion for the next Presidential candidate from BJP.
Regarding the candidate, he indicated...
A three-member committee will be constituted, comprising Union Ministers Rajnath Singh, Arun Jaitley, and M. Venkaiah Naidu which will hold consultations with the NDA allies and the opposition on the issue.
And the counting will take place on 20th July, five days prior to the completion of Pranab Mukherjee's tenure.
The final counting will be done on the following basis:
Value of Vote of an MP= Total value of votes of all MLAs of all States/Total Number of Elected MPs of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
The MPs and MLA give vote on the ballot paper by marking their preference to the candidates. These ballot papers are later separated in trays which are meant for the candidate to whom the first preference was marked.
The totals valid votes cast are multiplied by the value of each vote and that total is credited to the candidate as the total value of votes secured. After this, the value of valid votes secured by each candidate is totalled. After calculating the total value of votes polled by each candidate, the Returning Officer totals up the value of all valid votes polled. The quota for declaring a candidate as elected is determined by dividing the total value of valid votes by 2 and adding one to the quotient, ignoring the remainder, if any. For example, assuming the total value of valid votes polled by all candidates is 1,00,000.
The quota required for getting elected: 50,000 +1 =50001 If any candidate has secured the above quota of votes, he/ she is declared elected.
Source: Sangram Keshari Rout.
Electoral College comprises of elected members of both the Houses of the Parliament of India; the elected members of the legislative assemblies of every state and the elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Union territory of Puducherry and the National Capital Region (NCR) of New Delhi (as per 70th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992).
Every MP and MLA are given a specified number of votes.
In case of an MLA, this number is equal to the population of the state divided by the number of elected members of the legislative assembly of that state and further divided by thousand. If this number is higher than 500 another vote is allocated to each member.
The value of votes of electors is basically determined on the basis of population of the States. Since population figures are dynamic and keep changing every year, it has been decided through the 84th Amendment Act, that until the population figures for the first census after 2026 are published (in other words, 2031 census), the population of the States for the purpose of this calculation will mean the population as per the 1971 census.
Source: Sangram Keshari Rout
So, when will the election be held?
Thanks for reading.