Join the clan if you also have needle phobia! Here is all you need to know about that piercing little human driller that kept you hesitant to meet your favourite doctor.
Indian National Vaccination Day is observed on 16th March every year to signify the importance of the most feared needles. Well, it is agreeable that it is never a good experience to get vaccinated. But, there is a lot more about needling you don't know. Here is what vaccination history looks like.
Vaccination is a proven and one of the most cost-effective children survival interventions. All countries in the world have an immunisation program to deliver selected vaccines to the targeted beneficiaries, especially focusing on pregnant women, infants, and children, who are at a high risk of diseases preventable by vaccines. India has several immunisation programs as well.
An abstract from Indian Journal of Medical Research from April 2014 reveals that there are at least 27 causative agents against which vaccines are available and many more agents are targeted for development of vaccines.
The first vaccine (smallpox) was discovered in 1798. It was widely adopted all over the world gradually. Continuous conscious efforts of Indian government & mass vaccination had given us a smallpox free country to live in. It was the most striking success in Indian medical history.
With the global initiative of eradication of polio in 1988 following World Health Assembly resolution in 1988, Pulse Polio Immunisation program was launched in India in 1995. Children between the age group of 0-5 years administered polio drops during National and Sub-National Immunisation rounds (in high-risk areas) every year. About 170 million children are immunised during each National Immunisation Day (NID) as per the data of National Health Mission.
Vaccination is when a vaccine is injected into someone's body & Immunisation is what happens to the body after the vaccination. The vaccine stimulates the immune system so that it can recognise the disease and protect the body from future infection.
Here is a list of vaccinations & boosters that should be given to infants. Vaccination & boosters are listed with the age of the baby at which they should be given respective vaccinations.
BCG and Oral Polio: At birth
Oral Polio and DPT + Hepatitis B: 1.5 months
Oral Polio and DPT + Hepatitis B: 2.5 months
Oral Polio and DPT + Hepatitis B: 3.5 months
Measles: 9 to 12 months
DPT and Oral Polio: 1.5 to 2 years
DT: 5 years
Tetanus Toxoid: 10 years
Tetanus Toxoid: 16years
Vitamin A: 9,18,24,30 and 36 months
Note: This is not an exhaustive list, one should always consult a child specialist doctor before vaccinations.
They may be a little painful, but they are your friends. This holds true & not just for vaccines. Never say no to vaccines. Happy National Vaccination Day!