Air pollution has become a rampant problem not only in Delhi but also in many other cities of India. The air quality in India has worsened faster than ever over the past five years. Poor air quality is causing millions of deaths every year in India. According to Environment Ministry, around 94 cities of India are reported to have poor air quality. Read on for more information.
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The US-based institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) is an independent global health organisation that issued the State of Global Air 2017 report.
It is quite evident from the millions of deaths occurring due to air pollution every year.
According to the IHME report, the air quality in India is better than that of Saudi Arabia and Bangladesh. However, it has 50% worse air than China, two times worse than South Africa and five times worse than the United Kingdom.
Report suggests that the rate of improvement of air quality in Saudi Arabia is increasing at a faster pace than the rate of deterioration in India.
PM consisting of fine particles made up of oxides of sulphur, nitrogen and carbon can damage lungs, in turn, causing heart attacks and strokes.
In India, 645,000 deaths are caused due to inhalation of toxic particulate matter every year. Nearly half of the world population lives in areas with PM concentrations level much higher than the standard suggested by WHO. The report suggests that most extreme concentrations of PM are experienced by people staying in China, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh.
Honourable Minister Anil Dave explained, "There are many serious institutions in India- -NGOs, government organizations-which do research on this issue. And a proud country always trusts in its own data and takes action on that. (Controlling) air quality is not rocket science. What state governments and local bodies have to do, they have been told a number of times. In the future as well they will be told."
According to World Bank Study conducted in 1997, polluted air tends to affect the age group of 15-44 the most in developing countries.
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Source: Economic Times