Land mines are containers of explosive material with detonating systems that are triggered by contact with a person or vehicle. They are designed to incapacitate that person or vehicle through damage caused by an explosive blast, fragments, (or, in the case of some antitank mines, a jet of molten metal). They are generally buried within 15 cm of the earth's surface or laid above ground.
According to the One World, 'There are estimated to be around 110 million anti-personnel mines in the ground and another 100 million stockpiled around the world.'
Land mines are now a global issue, and millions of lives are in danger. In every 15 minutes, a person becomes the victim of land mines.
''Mine Kafon is not only an anti-landmine device; it opens a discussion of global awareness" – Massoud Hassani
Mine Kafon is entirely a wind-powered mine detonating 'tumbleweed shaped' device. According to Massoud "Mine-kafon is light enough to flow in wind's direction and big enough to detonate a mine on its way".
The structure of the whole tech is made out of bamboo and biodegradable plastic. The central core is attached with bamboo legs. Minesweeper contains wind-powered metal balls which attract the wind energy and helps the structure to move.
"We are developing a remote-controlled model with a motor and a metal detector." said Massoud Hassani.
The Mine Kafon can take up to 4 blasts before its structure becoming non-functional. The bamboo legs are the most affected area after every blast, while the central unit remains intact.
"The core sphere that contains the GPS system is high enough from the ground to avoid damage from most anti-personnel mines," said Hassani.
According to Hassani- The current mine detonating tools costs too much, but the Mine Kafon has a very minimal setup and running cost.
Mine Kafon works on a very little investment of about $40. Its running cost makes it very feasible to adopt.
Massoud is also working on a drone technology which can also detonate mines, the cost of drone technology may be not as low as Mine Kafon but that will be more effective according to the scenario.
Mine kafon Drone is the next big plan Massoud is focusing on. Mine drone will go the remote area where the tumbleweed might not go. It took around three years to make mine kafon drone a reality, and now it is finally here. Research and Development are in progress to make mine kafon drone more advance.
This drone has six rotors and a trio of different attachments, the first is used for mapping the target area while the second acts as a metal detector and used to detect mines and flagging them with the help of GPS. The drone basically can Map the area, detect the metal element and can also detonate its target.
Massoud said "The design of the Mine Kafon is inspired from a toy which he use to play with as a child"
"One of them was a little rolling object that was carried by the wind," Massoud recalled. "We would race them against each other in the local fields.
The Kafon was selected as a finalist for the 2012 Design of the Year award at the Design Museum in London.
I grew up in Qasaba, Kabul. My family moved there when I was 5, and at the time there were several wars going on. My brother Mahmud and I we played every day on the fields surrounded with the highest mountains in our neighborhood.
When we were young we learned to make our own toys. One of my favorites was a small rolling object that was wind-powered. We used to race against the other kids on the fields around our neighborhood. There was always a strong wind waving towards the mountains. While we were racing against each other, our toys rolled too fast and too far. Mostly they landed in areas where we couldn't go rescue them because of landmines. I still remember those toys I'd made that we lost and watching them just beyond where we could go.
Almost 20 years later, I went back to Qasaba and made those toys again. That was my graduation project for the Design Academy Eindhoven (2011). I remade one, making it 20 times bigger as well as heavier and stronger. Powered by the wind, it's meant for the same areas which were (and still are) full of mines.
Now if it rolls over a mine, the toy, now a Mine Kafon, will destroy itself and the landmine in the same time. Made from bamboo and biodegradable plastics, the Mine Kafon also has a GPS chip integrated in it. You can follow its movement on the website and see were it went, where are the safest paths to walk on and how many land mines are destroyed in that area. On paper, Afghanistan is said to have 10 million land mines. In truth, there are far, far more. Every destroyed land mine means a saved life and every life counts."
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