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18 Unusual Genetic Conditions You Probably Don't Know

As a kid, we are told that we are unique, and there is no one like us in this whole world. Well, technically this is right. We all have a unique DNA coding that makes us the first of its kind on earth. It's the genetic mutation that make us unique; that causes the possible arrangement of genes that make us who we are. But many times, these mutations do not take a desired path, causing some severe genetic disorders in people. Due to the medical advancements we have made, we can now know the reason as to what makes us who we are.

Every year many new-born babies face these unusual conditions, some of them so rare, you have to see them to believe.

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18 Unusual Genetic Conditions You Probably Don't Know

18 Unusual Genetic Conditions You Probably Don't Know

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Genetic Disorders!

Genetic Disorders!

1) Methemoglobinemia

1) Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, or "Blue Skin Disorder," is caused due to low blood oxygen level, which results in a blue tint to the skin. This is caused by a hereditary disorder, and those who are afflicted can receive treatment to get their natural skin tone back.

2) Parasitic Twin

2) Parasitic Twin

It is a condition in which a person is born with an underdeveloped twin attached to its body. This condition may cause presence of extra organs, both internally and/or externally.

3) Polymelia

3) Polymelia

Polymelia a condition that causes presence of extra limbs in the individual.

4) Hypertrichosis

4) Hypertrichosis

Hypertrichosis is a condition that causes excessive hair growth on the shoulders, face and ears. Many researches have shown that it occurs due to the crosstalk of the epidermis and dermis as the hair follicles form in a fetus in the first trimester.

5) Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva

5) Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva

FOP is a rare disorder that causes the conversion of the soft tissue of the body into bone. This results in a restricted mobility in various parts of the body.

6) Marfan Syndrome

6) Marfan Syndrome

Though rare in its manifestations, this disorder causes long bony arms with loose joints, overgrown ribs and a spinal curvature.

7) Trimethylaminuria

7) Trimethylaminuria

Its an extremely rare condition that causes the individual to smell like rotting fish, garbage, urine or rotting eggs.

8) Leontiasis Ossea

8) Leontiasis Ossea

Leontiasis Ossea or the lion face syndrome is a disorder that causes the enlargement of the bones of the face. This may cause obliteration of the sinuses, blindness, and malocclusion.

9) Ectrodactyly

9) Ectrodactyly

Ecodactyly, formerly known as the 'lobster claw syndrome' is a condition where the individual has a cleft in place of the middle fingers. it can be caused due to several reasons, inversion of chromosome 7 is one of them.

10) Fetus In Fetu

10) Fetus In Fetu

Its a rare condition that causes one of the twins to engulf the other twin and grow around it, while in the womb. Many times the fetus in Fetu is unknown until other medical problems are encountered.

11) Cutaneous Porphyria

11) Cutaneous Porphyria

Its a rare an severe condition, which causes blisters, irritation, extra hair growth on the individual. Its may also cause red coloration on teeth and nails.

12) Proteus Syndrome

12) Proteus Syndrome

It makes the bone, skin and other tissue to overgrow. Individuals usually have growth of organs and tissue out of proportion, and because the growth has no preset pattern, it causes imbalanced features.

13) Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria

13) Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria

Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria generally referred to as Progeria is a genetic disease that causes premature aging in children. this causes the cells to mature faster than the regular rate. Usually, the patients live up to 13 years on an average.

15) Diprosopus

15) Diprosopus

Dipropus is a rare disorder where the face of a child is duplicated. Caused by a protein called 'sonic hedgehog homolog'. Scarcity of this protein causes under developed facial features, and too much of the protein causes the duplication of the face.

16) Uner Tan Syndrome

16) Uner Tan Syndrome

Uner Tan Syndrome or UTS is a condition in which the people suffering from it walk on all 4 of their limbs. This is a genetic disorder that marks a step back in the evolution.

17) Supernumerary nipple

17) Supernumerary nipple

Its a generic anomaly which causes the formation of an extra nipple on any part of the body. Usually its found on the chest, but it may it appear on various other parts of the body.

18) Xeroderma Pigmentosum

18) Xeroderma Pigmentosum

Also known as the 'vampire syndrome', this disease makes the individual extremely sensitive to sunlight, causing severe sunburns.

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