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International day of the girl child is observed on October 11 every year. This girl child day is observed in order to address various issues related to girls such as gender inequality, domestic violence, child marriage, illiteracy, legal rights, nutrition and health. Let's check out why the United Nations decided to observe International girl child day every year.
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'Because I Am A Girl' campaign of NGO Plan International raised awareness of empowerment of girls in underdeveloped and developing countries.
At the 55th United Nations Commission on the Status of Women, Canadian minister Rona Ambrose proposed the resolution of International day of the girl child.
Since then, the day is celebrated every year with different themes for the empowerment of girl children around the world. International day of the girl child theme for 2016 is Girls' Progress = Goals' Progress: What Counts for Girls.
The focus of the day is to work on the data and address their issues in order to accomplish the sustainable development goals of the girls.
However, there are many challenges faced by the girls even today such as child marriages, unwanted pregnancy, poor reproductive health, sexually transmitted disease, gender-based violence and lack of higher education.
Such girls miss out on education and become victims of domestic violence or sexual abuse. This cycle of violence continues from girlhood to womanhood. Thus, necessary actions must be taken to prevent mistreatment of girls.
There are many projects that work for girls' empowerment through education. You can provide your valuable assistance by donating in any of the projects.
You can take out time from your busy schedule to teach the kids during free time. You can also write a blog and raise funds for education of girl children.
According to the Demographic Health Survey of Kenya, female genital mutilation among 15-49 year olds declined from 37.6 per cent in 1998 to 27.1 percent in 2008-2009. Still, a lot of awareness is needed in rural areas to prevent this horrible practice completely.