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IN Animals ON 31 Jul, 2016
Daddy longlegs is the most bizarre and distinctive spiders found in the world. They are easy to spot because of their round bodies and thin legs. There are many things which you don't know about this common breed of spider.
Your misconceptions about this arachnid will definitely be cleared after knowing these frightening facts about them. Some of these facts will surely leave your skin crawling. So, read at your own risk.
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These arachnids are quite similar to scorpions instead of spiders. They have a single pair of eyes and fused body instead of the waist found in the spiders.
Many people believe that Daddy longlegs are venomous in nature but the reality is totally different. The good thing about these arachnids is that they are not harmful to human beings.
In Scotland, scientists found a well-preserved fossil of daddy longlegs that is believed to be nearly 400 million years old.
These arachnids are known as 'Daddy Longlegs' in North America. Their scientific name is 'Opiliones' and they are also known by the names of harvestmen, shepherd spiders, etc.
They are generally found in humid areas under rocks, inside caves and around leaf litters.
The reason behind several varieties of daddy longlegs is their inability to travel at long distances. When a group of these arachnids is hampered by geographical division such as river or mountain, they split off into new species.
These arachnids often clump together for protecting themselves from predators and maintaining humid environment around them.
Daddy longlegs don't move around much and prefer to stay in small crevices preferably in the same location.
The common predators of daddy longlegs are birds, frogs, and lizards. These arachnids outsmart their predators by acting dead, camouflaging and producing foul-smelling chemicals.
They remove the parasites on their bodies by threading and sliding their legs through the mouths.
While the larger species of daddy longlegs can live for less than 2 years, the smaller ones can survive for up to 7 years.
Once these arachnids reach adulthood, they are unable to grow back their appendages. You'll notice grown up arachnids with 6 or 7 legs instead of 8 as they shed their legs to escape predators or fight other males.
As these arachnids lack fangs or large pincers, they are unable to hunt much. Thus, they are forced to survive on crumbs and bug carcasses.
Scientists have determined that conception generally occurs outside the body. But the detailed process of their reproduction is yet to be studied by the researchers.
Male arachnids possess longer legs, special glands, and protuberances which are absent in the female species. There are two types of males: One that appear totally distinct from females and 'sneaky males' which are so similar to females that they can easily breed with them without competing with other males.
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