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IN History & Culture ON 01 Jun, 2016
They served us and suffered for us, war animals are those unsung heroes of war without whom the number of killings during the war would have been much more. These animals fought for us and served their countries. What did they have to do with the war? Just for the greed of humans these animals suffered.
Let's have a look at some of the war animals and their contributions.
"I've often said there's nothing better for the inside of a man than the outside of a horse". These were the words of Ronald Reagan who was the president of the United Staes from 1981to 1989. Horses have always been the subject of many stories due to their loyalty and the splendid structure which they are blessed with. Whether carrying goods, pulling chariots, taking the injured or attacking an enemy, the horse has seen more wars than any other animal on this earth. For instance, during the 1916 battle of Verdun in France in one day some 7000 horses were killed after being struck by a French naval gun blast! Horses were also the most susceptible to war elements such as poisonous gas attacks, exhaustion, and diseases.
During 1917 in the Yale University where members of the 102nd Infantry regiment were training, a stray puppy entered the university and captured everyone's heart immediately by performing antics, participating in drills and even learning how to salute with his right paw. Private J. Robert Conroy adopted the dog and smuggled him to the front lines in France, he was named Stubby. In France, exposure to mustard gas left Stubby highly sensitive to noxious gasses and the dog was able to warn 102nd of imminent attacks.
Stubby participated in 17 battles, also survived a series of wounds during the war and provided a morale boost to the fellow soldiers. Stubby once spotted a German spy and attacked him until the reinforcements arrived for which he was awarded the rank of a Seargent which means he even outranked his owner.
As weird as it may seem, one of the most bizarre non- human contribution to the wars was of Lampyris Noctiluca more commonly known as European Glowarm which emits light through bioluminescence. During wars when the troops were in a dark and dampy place or forests where there was no source of light, glow worms were used as a light emmiting source.
According to a study which was conducted in 2010, researchers found that just 10 glow worms can provide the same amount of light as a modern-day roadway light. Glow worms were a source of instant light during the war which helped in reading maps, examine intelligence reports etc.
A pigeon flew 150 miles to deliver news during World War II. During both the world wars, U.S.A. and U.K. used pigeons in large scaled intelligence operations. Pigeons were so important during the war to the Britishers that they issued strict orders for the protection of the pigeons. If an offender intentionally killed or harmed a pigeon he/she could land in prison for 6 months. More than 16,00 pigeons were parachuted in Europe during world war II.
The U.S.A. has been using dolphins for intelligence services secretly till the 1990s. They've been doing this for the past 40 years, making use of the intelligence and their ability to learn quick dolphins prove to be very helpful one of the most intelligent animals. These animals have superior underwater senses which helps them to locate mines. Sea lions have an ability to dive hundreds of feet the surface to investigate suspicious objects.
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