When a woman is expecting to deliver twin babies, she gets the double of happiness and fun. Undoubtedly, twin pregnancy is a double blessing but there are more complications associated with twin pregnancy than a singleton pregnancy.
It's pretty obvious to face additional complications when you carry two babies in your womb. In the US, one in 100 pregnant women gives birth to twins or triplets. So, you need to check out these twelve terrible health complications observed in the twin pregnancy.
When the delivery takes place before 9 months, it is termed as Preterm/Premature delivery. Current research suggests that premature delivery occurs in 60% cases of twin pregnancies. Due to premature delivery, organs of the twins remain underdeveloped and their weight reduces considerably. These babies need to be kept in the neonatal intensive care unit to prevent infection.
Premature twin babies suffer from low birth-weight due to preterm delivery. The birth weight of twin babies is generally less than 5.5 pounds (2,500 grams). They face higher risk of experiencing long-term complications including hearing loss, vision problem, cerebral palsy and mental retardation.
The growth rate of twins begins to retard during 30-32 weeks of pregnancy. IUGR is a disorder in which placenta is unable to provide nutrition to both the twins. Twins compete for nutrients due to which their growth retards in the 8th month of pregnancy. This disorder can be detected with ultrasound and abdomen measurement.
Pre-eclampsia is an abnormal state of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, fluid retention, and albuminuria. You can decrease the occurrence of this disorder by prenatal care in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Gestational Diabetes is commonly observed in twin pregnancy. Both the placentas prevent insulin production in the body which leads to a sudden increase in blood sugar of the mother.
This disorder has more chances to occur in twin pregnancy than a singleton pregnancy. The rupture of ovarian membranes and placenta occur due to preeclampsia. Placental abruption is a disorder in which the placenta detaches from the uterine wall before delivery. It mostly occurs during the third trimester of pregnancy. Some common causes of placental abruption include smoking, harmful drugs, and malnutrition. Proper diet plan and prenatal care can help to prevent placental abruption in twin pregnancy.
Intrauterine fetal loss is a rare disorder that provides minimum possibilities of medical intervention. Immediate treatment is not possible in case of fraternal twins.
The cases of congenital abnormalities are commonly observed in twin pregnancy. Some common birth defects usually reported in the twins are heart anomalies, neural tube defects and gastrointestinal disorders.
Twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome is a disorder in which identical twins share the same placenta. In this syndrome, blood flow is prevented from one fetus to another due to which one fetus receives excess blood supply than the other. This disorder can be treated during gestation by removing the excess fluid with a needle.
Cord Entanglement is a disorder in which the umbilical cord of the identical twins gets entangled within the amniotic sac. This condition can be prevented by monitoring the growth rate of fetuses during the third trimester of pregnancy. Medical professionals recommend preterm delivery in case of complications.
Cesarean delivery is recommended by doctors when the fetus is placed abnormally in the womb. However, twin delivery occurs vaginally in most of the cases.
Postpartum Hemorrhage is a disorder in which severe bleeding occurs during and after the delivery. The causes of this disorder are large placental area and dilated uterus. Share this information with everyone you care.