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No matter what we do in life, we try to avoid pain. Well, it's basic human nature. But don't you just hate it when you're randomly minding your business and the bottom of your foot suddenly cramps up? We've all faced it but never figured out why that happens.
It's a very irritating situation and you're in tremendous amount of pain for the next few minutes. Here's why that happens.
Well, it isn't anything you do, it just happens suddenly.
When we're performing an activity such as walking or running with our feet, the muscles inside the foot are synchronized so that they can perform in coordination. When a cramp occurs, the muscles contract at an alarming rate without any reason whatsoever.
If you have ran a lot or utilized your foot muscles more than usual, a cramp can occur. It happens to athletes after a strenuous workout session or a long run.
As you get older, your muscles lose the quickness and agility to contract and hence can result into cramps.
Muscular cramps can result from dehydration as well. Water is very essential to maintain integrity of your muscles and they lose their contractile properties if enough water isn't there.
Vitamin D is very crucial for the adequate functioning of your muscles. Along with that, keep a tab on your magnesium and calcium consumption as well.
It can be due to the effect of hormones in the body of a female while she's pregnant and that's why cramps are common in the third trimester.
More and more severe cramping can be caused due to thyroid or kidney dysfunction. Apart from that, people with Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease can also suffer from foot cramps.
They can flare up completely at random.
So, they can't be prevented.
It is also called as spasm when the muscles contract uncontrollably and results into pain. If the cause is unknown, what can be done?
If the foot is cramping in a particular direction, try to stretch your foot in the opposite direction to relieve the spasm. You can also use a heating pad or a hot compress if it feels too tight.
If you're deficient of any of the mentioned minerals, you can go for supplements.
While it's pretty good to continue with your exercises and workout, don't overdo it or else your cramps would get worse.
Before you start your workout session, make sure you are stretching your muscles adequately so that sudden cramps can be avoided.
Another thing you should keep in mind while exercising is hydration. Exercising removes water and salts from your body so staying hydrated will definitely help you.