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15 Philosophers who brought Major Social Reforms.

We are often lost in our philosophical thoughts and think about the mysteries of the Universe. Here are the world's Top Philosophers who gave a real thought on the slightest filament of ideas that needed a major study.

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15 Philosophers who brought Major Social Reforms.

15 Philosophers who brought Major Social Reforms.

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  in History & Culture

Socrates (c.469-399 BCE), Greece

Socrates (c.469-399 BCE), Greece

He visited different social events and functions and could be seen fighting illogical thoughts and prejudice of the people. He didn't believe in solitude- he believed in enjoying life.

Plato (c. 428-348 BC), Greece

Plato (c. 428-348 BC), Greece

The first school of higher education in the Western world was founded by him. The Academy of Athens. All the western philosophy can be traced back to him.

Aristotle (384-322 BC), Greece

Aristotle (384-322 BC), Greece

Successor to Plato in philosophy, he had a major contribution in writing about ethics, aesthetics, government, rhetoric, politics, economics, psychology, metaphysics and theology.

Rene Descartes (1596-1650), Sweden

Rene Descartes (1596-1650), Sweden

He gave the gift of analytical geometry to this world.

Confucius (551-479 BC), China

Confucius (551-479 BC), China

He supported and adopted very significant principles of ethics and politics.

Thomas Aquinas, (122-1274), Italy

Thomas Aquinas,  (122-1274), Italy

He proved the existence of god by proving that someone must have created the universe.

Avicenna (c. 980-037 AD), Uzbekistan

Avicenna (c. 980-037 AD), Uzbekistan

He lived during the dark ages of the Persian Empire. He was a philosopher and a preeminent physician, known for his two books "The Book of Healing" (no context to physical medicine) and "The Canon of Medicine" (compilation of all medicine known at that time).

Zeno of Citium (334-262 BC), Greece

Zeno of Citium (334-262 BC), Greece

He introduced Stoicism. The word Stoicism tells us that anything we do which causes us to suffer is because of the error in the judgement in some point of life.

Epicurus (341-270 BC), Greece

Epicurus (341-270 BC), Greece

Epicurus founded the school of philosophy named Epicureanism. A few letters of Epicurus remain.

John Locke (1632-1704), Briton

John Locke (1632-1704), Briton

He is known as the Father of Liberalism.

Karl Marx (1818-1883), Germany

Karl Marx (1818-1883), Germany

In 19th century Karl Marx gave socialism a scientific foundation.

Jean Piaget (1896-1980), Switzerland

Jean Piaget (1896-1980), Switzerland

He was Psychologist and philosopher known for his best work for the development of cognition in children.

John Dewey (1859-1956), America

John Dewey (1859-1956), America

He was the first one to develop the philosophy of pragmatism. Which emphasised on dealing with things sensibly and realistically.

Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948), India

Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948), India

He was the preeminent leader of non violence movement in the fight for independence from British rule in India.

Alan Watts (1915-1973), London

Alan Watts (1915-1973), London

He popularised the teaching of Zen and Eastern Philosophy.

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