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Chlamydia is a common STD prevalent among the youths nowadays. It is caused by a bacterium Chlamydia Trachomatis which infects both men and women. Chlamydial infection causes severe permanent damage to the female reproductive organs.
Technology advancement is so rapid nowadays that the newly discovered condoms by talented teens change their colors in case of STI. Still there are 3.2 million cases of STI reported between 2005 and 2014, according to the estimates by the European Center for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC), headquartered in Stockholm.
European countries must create awareness to prevent chlamydia from spreading among its citizens.
This STI mainly spreads through the mixing of infected maternal serum with the fetus.
The director of ECDC, Andrea Ammon explained, "Chlamydia is straightforward to diagnose and can be effectively treated with antibiotics -- but it may also irreversibly damage a woman's reproductive organs. There is no available vaccine and after treatment, you can get re-infected if you do not take precautions."
According to the health agency, the cases involving Chlamydial infection are more common in women as compared to men.
According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, "Chlamydia is the most frequently reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the United States. In 2010, 1,307,893 chlamydial infections were reported to CDC from 50 states and the District of Columbia. Under-reporting is substantial because most people with chlamydia are not aware of their infections and do not seek to test. Also, testing is not often done if patients are treated for their symptoms. An estimated 2.8 million infections occur annually in the U.S. Women are frequently re-infected if their sex partners are not treated."
There is an urgent need to create awareness among the people by the prevention and detection programs. Ammon further explained, "Good primary prevention, like health and sex education or condom promotion and distribution, is at the core of STI control. Widespread opportunistic testing or a screening program should be considered once effective primary prevention activities." Annual screening test for Chlamydia is recommended for all sexually active and pregnant women.
If untreated, Chlamydia can even cause serious reproductive disorders such as pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic pain, infertility and ectopic pregnancy. It might also increase the chances of AIDS.
Please share and spread awareness about this STI with everyone you care for.