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IN History & Culture ON 24 Feb, 2016
Kailasa Temple, a famous underground creation is one of the alluring Ellora caves in Maharashtra, India. Well known for being one of the mysterious places, it fascinates a lot of tourists with it's breathtaking beauty. The temple is known to be carved from a single rock, standing lofty 29 kilometers away from Aurangabad. It is a part of a set of 34 temples and monasteries renowned as the Ellora Caves. This beautifully carved cavern is the perfect example of the Dravidian Architecture taking the tourists back to the 8th Century. The contriving is hands on perfection with proper proportions and intricate workmanship, revealing that it was a dedicated contruction.
Well, it surely would have been the blessed hands that would have carved the prettiness using hand tools. Let's scroll and learn more about it,
While you might have heard about the Rashtrakuta Dynasty, which ruled over a large part of the Indian Subcontinent between the sixth and the tenth centuries. Krishna I, the king belonging to the dynasty sanctioned the construction of this temple.
Its main deity goes by the name of Kailashnath, which means to the Lord of Kailash. This temple is mainly dedicated to the Hindu Lord Shiva.
The temple is known to be built between 757 and 783 BCE. It is built with a view to resemble Mount Kailash. As per the Hindu mythology, Mount Kailash is known to be the place where Lord Shiva resides. The temple took almost 20 years, and rocks scooped out are estimated to be as 400,000 tons.
Archaeologists said that three kinds of chisels were used to carve out this cavern. It is believed to have been constructed from the top to the bottom due to lifting difficulties. The construction was religiously followed according to the ground plan.
The external architecture can be seen as multi-level carvings in a U-shaped courtyard. The complete architecture is three stories high which consist of huge sculpted panels having large sculptures.
As seen in all the temples dedicated to Lord Shiva, the front structure houses an image of Bull Nandi. The temples base has many elephants carved into them to bring out the effect that the entire temple is held high by the elephants.
The sanctum consists of gathering halls, pillars, windows, a lot of rooms and a huge stone lingam at its heart. The lingam at the center portrays images of some deities and erotic male and female figures.
Most of the deities carved are believed to be the followers of Lord Shiva. The sculptures on the other side are known to be depicting the followers of Lord Vishnu as well, who is an another main deity according to the Hindu mythology. Apart from all the sculptures, the life of Lord Shiva is beautifully carved in the courtyard delineating the stories of the Lord. In the modern world, where technology has grown us addicted, it is unbelievable to know about an era that was almost twenty centuries ago. Moreover, imagining an era when the workers used their bare hands to carve such beauties that too with an unimaginable dedication, is commendable. If you like reading the entire story, help us grow more by pointing out what exactly can be done for betterment. Don't forget to comment and like us on Facebook and Instagram.