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IN Lifestyle ON 08 Feb, 2016
"Mummy why did you cut me?", yelled all those girls that go through mutilation. It's just as terrifying as it sounds.
The practice of Female Genital Mutilation, also known as Female Genital Cutting or FGM, is defined by the World Health Organisation as a procedure involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genitalia for non-medical reasons.
The procedure has no health benefits for girls and women. The procedure causes severe bleeding and problems urinating. It can also later produce tumours or cysts, infections, as well as complications in childbirth and increased risk of newborn deaths.
FGM is a voilation of human rights of girls and women. Even though the procedure is considered as a voilation of human rights, it is been practised at a large scale in Africa and Middle East with almost 125 million girls and women been given these scars for life.
Let's go through some of the unbelievable facts about FGM :
The actual range is quite large, but it is really hard to track. These cultural activities and shame often silence those who have suffered from such activities.
The average age of a girl been cut is ten years. Many argue that the age these girls are mutilated is too young to consent or revolt against. And so the silence prevails.
The first discovered record goes back to the time of Pharaohs, the time of a ruler in ancient Egypt.
The mummified body of the princess was found to be genitally mutilated.
There are 29 countries that are concentrated with FGM. Most are located in Africa while the other three countries are in the Middle East. Almost 90% of the girls have been cut live in the top 5 prevalent countries.
The procedure is carried out using a razor blade and up to 24,000 girls are at risk of being mutilated.
"And my mom had to pay him to replace a new razor" were the sigh of one of the girls that went through the procedure. While the practice is considered to be against all medical ethics and human rights, it being medicalized is proving itself to be breaking all rules and encouraging medical disparities in medical ethics globally.
Though the practice is illegal in the US, trends like "Vacation Cutting" and perceived a cultural importance of the act keeps it a threat to women.
Studies recently also show that there are many women who allow their daughters to be cut, even though they don't entirely agree with the practice, due to social and cultural pressure.
It is especially crucial for global health due to the rapid globalization and migration.
It emulates the inequality between genders and represents extreme discrimination against women. On top of this, the following rights are also violated: the right to security, physical integrity, health, freedom from torture and from inhumane treatment–especially when the procedure can result in death.
They say it is a very old practice, traced back to the Egyptian pharaohs, and that the Koran says how humans were created in the perfect way, so changing them is not justified by religion.
Multiple countries like Kenya, Uganda and Guinea-Bissau adopting laws against it. The girls themselves understand the risks of being circumcised, and mothers who have dealt with the ordeal are fighting more and more to protect their daughters from the same fate.
Let's address the issue so that the people in those countries and wish that they can learn about the issue and shield their daughters from it.