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IN Health & Fitness ON 03 Feb, 2016
Apart from the male reproductive organs, urologists also specialize in women health care. They cover a range of health issues common after pregnancy and delivery such as pelvic disorders and urinary tract infections.
While there are warning signs to tell that vagina is unhealthy, likewise these medical specialists provide detect the disorders of female urogenital system. Urologists are the top-level docs to gynecologist as they have expertise in chronic disorders. Check out these 9 facts suggested by experts about female urogenital system.
Nirit Rosenblum, MD, a urogynecologist and an assistant lecturer of urology at NYU Langone Medical Center explained, "There's a whole subspecialty within urology devoted to women's health. When it comes to the health of the bladder and pelvic floor, we have a lot to offer women in terms of prevention, treatment and education."
When the hormone level reduces at the time of menopause, you may notice some changes in your genital organs. Nirit Rosenblum, MD, a urogynecologist and an assistant lecturer of urology at NYU Langone Medical Center explained, "The pelvic floor, bladder, urethra, and vagina are all very sensitive to declining estrogen. Pelvic floor problems like urinary tract infections, incontinence, and prolapse of pelvic organs become more common."Experts suggest consuming cranberry extract supplements and low-dose antibiotics after a higher-risk activity. There are a number of treatments available for UTIs such as medicines, physical therapy and operation. Urologists carry out an extensive evaluation to find out the root cause of the problem which might be kidney stone, swelling or cancer.
Many women take the problem of frequent micturition lightly. According to the Urology Care Foundation, 40% of women have overactive bladder and this problem can be fixed by reducing the intake of caffeine or liquor, drinking less, planning restroom visits and doing pelvic muscle exercises. Some other treatments available for overactive bladder are medication, electric stimulation therapy, collagen implants, and minimally invasive surgery.
Many women feel that frequent urination is just a part of aging and doesn't pay much heed to it. According to the American College of Physicians, nearly 57% of women between 40-60 years suffer from urinary incontinence due to menopause, hysterectomy, obesity, UTIs, cognitive impairment, chronic cough and constipation. Rosenblum said, "I am seeing more patients with incontinence as women choose to have kids later, because there's a greater risk of damage to the pelvic floor-that group of muscles that supports the uterus, bladder, small intestine, and rectum. Incontinence is very common, but it's not something you have to live with. A lot of women have the false belief that it's only treatable through surgery, but there are many non-invasive or less-invasive treatment options." These treatments include pelvic floor physical therapy, medications (anticholinergics or Botox) and specific types of nerve stimulation.
Kegel exercises help in tightening and toning the muscles of pelvic floor. If you want to cure the problem of incontinence naturally, then just contact a practitioner nearby online at the American Physical Therapy's Association's PT locator. Rosenblum suggested, "If you don't have access to a practitioner, check out the handful of new devices that are like Fit-bits for your vagina, stimulating pelvic floor muscles and providing feedback on your progress. Try Intone, a prescription device proven to treat incontinence, or PeriCoach, recently FDA approved. Pericoach works with an app on your phone to guide you through training sessions and monitor your progress. There's also a new non-invasive treatment called the FemiLift Laser (you might have heard it called vaginal rejuvenation) that supposedly treats urinary incontinence, as well as laxity, but there are no good scientific studies yet to show how well it works."
You must seek the help of gynecologist whenever you have pain in the pelvic region. Some common gynecological issues include menstrual pains, ovulation pain, endometriosis, extra uterine pregnancy, ovarian tumors, uterine fibroid tumor and PID. The pain in pelvic area can also be due to some non-gynecologic sources which can be cured only by urologist. Such non-gynecologic sources of pelvic pain include chronic constipation, UTI, pelvic floor cramps, irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis and colon cancer. Rosenblum said, "A good percentage of pelvic pain problems can be gynecologic in nature. We'll look at the timing of symptoms, whether they're related to your menstrual cycle, or whether they're urinary or bowel-related."
According to the Journal of Clinical Microbiology 2015, medical laboratories mostly fail to identify sexually transmitted infections. Rosenblum explained, "The symptoms can cross over and be confusing.
Pelvic organ prolapse occurs due to weakness in the muscles of pelvic floor. Rosenblum said, "Mild or even more advanced pelvic organ prolapse can be relatively asymptomatic. It's very common after childbirth and after menopause."
According to the study conducted in 2016, more number of middle-aged US women is suffering from kidney stones nowadays. The findings indicate that there was 45% rise during 1997-2012in the risk of kidney stones for women. Rosenblum explained, "We call the southern part of the US 'the stone belt because in those warmer climates, people get more dehydrated, which makes it more likely that crystals will form in the urine and those crystals will turn into stones. It can also be genetic. To minimize your risk, stay hydrated (you're hydrated if your pee is light yellow, like lemonade), especially in hotter temps and when you're being physically active. If you've already passed a kidney stone, drink 2 liters of fluid a day.
Sexual dysfunction is a common problem associated with increasing age. It includes lower libido disorders, trouble in orgasm, pain while having sex and vaginal dryness. The reasons for sexual dysfunction might be lower level of estrogen and testosterone, wrong medications, pressure and depression. Urologists provide treatment for these issues too. Rosenblum stated,"We're not just about popping pills. We work with therapists to treat the whole person." Share this health information with your friends and family.