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IN History & Culture ON 06 Jan, 2016
Women had always held an important position in the society. Even the history is full of such bohemian women who had not only fought the odds but also brought glory in the past.
Feminism has always been a debatable issue till date. I bet you will feel proud to be a woman after reading this article. Check out these 10 great and impressive women who brought a significant change in the past.
Hatshepsut was the pharaoh of Egypt who occupied the throne in 1478 BC. She was the wife of Thutmose-II. She is known as the longest ruling and successful pharaohs of Egypt dynasty. She had a daughter named Neferure. She ruled for nearly 22 years in the Egyptian dynasty. She was also one of the most efficient builders in ancient Egypt who accomplished hundreds of construction projects in her reign. She even reestablished foreign trade relations.
Boudicca was the queen of the British Iceni tribe who fought aggressively against the Romans in 60-61 A.D. She was successful in defeating the Romans in three continuous battles, but her victory didn't last for long. The Romans killed thousands of Iceni and the rest were taken as strivers by them. Nonetheless Boudicca is remembered as the brave warrior queen who fought for Iceni tribes.
Cartimandua was the powerful queen of the Brigantes, known as Northern England now. She succeeded in making a large tribal group loyal to Rome. At the time of civil war between Cartimandua and her consort Venutius in A.D. 57, she received the military help from Rome due to which she was able to secure her throne. Later, Rome was unable to provide military aid due to which she flee to the Roman fort forever.
Cleopatra was the last pharaoh of Ptolemaic Egypt who is also known as the great ancient beauty. She is also famous for her intellect as she used to speak 9 languages. She was the love interest of both Julius Caesar and Mark Anthony. Caesar was murdered in 44 BC due to which battle took place between Mark Anthony and Caesar's son Octavian. The power struggle took the form of a civil war in 31 BC. Mark Anthony and Cleopatra were left with no option but to kill themselves.
Mary Magdalene was one of the followers of Jesus Christ who is considered to be a saint by the Catholic, Orthodox, Anglican and Lutheran churches. Mary Magdalene is the one who is named specifically 12 times in the canonical gospels. She is considered as a prostitute in western Christianity which is not at all approved by the canonical gospels.
Nefertiti was the great royal wife of Amenhotep IV who later became the queen of Nile. She had played a significant role in the old religion and held the status of priest of Aten. She became coregent to her husband in the twelfth year of his reign and held equal status as him. The image of Nefertiti is engraved on the walls of the temple to give her honor.
Sappho was the great Greek poetess who wrote poems depicting her passion for love. She was born on the Isle of Lesbos around 620 BC and is the first Lesbian poet. Only some fragments of her poems have been traced yet. According to historical evidence, she was expelled to Sicily due to political issues on the island of Lesbos.
Vietnamese women never gave up to foreign rulers. Trung sisters were the freedom fighters who fought against the oppression of China in 40 AD. The two fighter sisters Trưng Trắc and Trưng Nhị were born around 12 AD. They studied martial arts and fighting skills in their childhood. The sisters lead the battle against the Chinese armed forces aggressively and got the victory. They kept on battling until 43 AD but instead of getting defeated by Chinese; they committed suicide.
Zenobia is known as the fighter queen of Palmyra, Syria. She was born around 240 AD and got married at the age of 18 to Septimius Odaenathus. After nine years, her husband and son were assassinated. Later Zenobia succeeded in conquering Roman terrain. She even conquered Syria, Palestine and Lebanon using proper strategy and propaganda.
Penthesilea is recognized as the warrior queen of the Amazons. She rose to become queen at the time of Trojan War. When Achilles killed the Trojan prince, Hector, and upon the unintentional killing of her sister, Penthesilea joined the war. She was able to prove that the Amazons were great fighters. Unfortunately, she lost her life in the battle.