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IN Health & Fitness ON 22 Dec, 2015
Medical science might be advancing rapidly, but it still does not seem to be equipped well enough for the surge of diseases mankind finds itself stuggling against every once in a while. The frequency and might of outbreaks have of course reduced, when compared to those of the past, but they still do occur, and they did this year too.
Here are ten of the most devastrating outbreaks that occured in the year 2015! Check them out!
Did you think that the Bubonic plague - the infamous Black Death, has not occurred since the middle ages? Well, here's a disappointing surprise: according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the 'Black Death' occurred 11 times in the US since April 2015!
Dengue is one of the deadliest diseases spread by mosquitoes - and yet another reason to hate those flying bastards! This year, Hawaii recorded at least 153 cases of Dengue fever.
Hansen's disease, or the infamous historical disease Leprosy, is transmitted primarily by armadillos. This disease is one of the worst diseases one can get, and this year in Florida, nine were unlucky enough to contact the disease.
Once again, transmitted by mosquitoes. In 2015, a total of 653 cases of Chikungunya have been recorded in the US. While the disease is not fatal, it still is one painful experience.
Ebola has been one of the worst epidemics of this year. Having struck West Africa, the disease has had a high rate of transmission, and has led many to death. According to the CDC, there have been 23,602 total cases internationally and 11,300 deaths.
TB is one more disease not to be taken lightly. It infects the lungs and causes severe coughs. If not treated in time, it can prove fatal. How fatal you ask? It kills one million people annually! Got an idea?
In 2015, 189 cases of measles were reported in the US. It's one more disease to stay aware and beware of. The disease can be particularly dangerous for young children and is highly contagious.
Whooping Cough infects the respiratory tract and causes severe and painful coughing that lasts for up to 10 weeks. The disease does not usually cause death, but is highly contagious. There are an estimated 16 million cases internationally each year.
In the US alone, an estimated 5,700 cases occur annually. According to the World Heath Organisation, 220,000 people die due to typhoid around the world – each year. It is mainly trasmitted via contaminated food and water.
Cholera is one of the most dangerous diseases as it can kill within hours if left untreated. Like Typhoid, Cholera is too transmitted through contaminated food and water. 80% of people suffering from cholera can be successfully treated with oral rehydration salts. However, researchers estimate that there are still 28,000 to 142,000 deaths worldwide each year.