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IN Science & Technology ON 08 Oct, 2014
It was the wright brothers who thought out of the box and made flying possible. More than a century has gone since the day they had the first flight, the technology has grown at a rapid pace.
When the conflicts happened, the armies realize that there should be an air force which will guard the skies. There was a need of planes which can help us to save our national borders. These gave the birth to fighter aircrafts. Innovative designs and competitions made these fighter aircrafts even more deadly and fast. Well, we love speed and every new technology make us feel alive.
The Sukhoi Su-27 is a twin-engine fighter aircraft designed by Sukhoi. It was made by Former U.S.S.R to outrank fourth generation fighters of U.S. The first flight of the plane was in May, 1977. It officially joined Russian Air Force in August 1990. The maximum supersonic speed of the aircraft is Mach 2.35( 1550 mph or 2500 km/h). The Su has earned a good reputation to be a great fighter plane and its still in use in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus.
The F-111 Aardvark is a tactical strike aircraft and was created by General Dynamics in 1960. The plane became operational in 1967 in U.S. Air Force. The aircraft was used for strategic bombing, reconnaissance and electronic warfare. The maximum speed of Mach 2.5 (1650 mph, 2655 km/h). It was widely used in Vietnam war but phased out of use in 1998. Australian air force also operated this fighter aircraft till 2010. F-111 was replaced by F-15 Eagle.
F-15 Eagle is twin engine and tactical aircraft which came into operations in 1976. U.S Air Force selected the design by McDonnell Douglas( Now Boeing) . F-15 is the first superiority aircraft and have the capability to execute a ground attack. The maximum speed of this aircraft is greater than 2.5 Mach (1650 mph/ 2655 km/h). This plane will serve U.S Air Force till 2025. It is one of the most successful planes ever built.
The Mig 31 is a supersonic interceptor aircraft which was developed to replace the Mig-25 Foxbat. The design of Mig-31 was made by Mikoyan design bureau. The first flight of the plane was made in 1975 and it came in operation in Russian Air Force in 1982. The Maximum speed of Mig-31 was Mach 2.83 (1863 km/hr, 3000 km/h). Russia hopes to begin working on replacement in 2020.
North Aviation Company designed XB-70 Valkyrie in 1950s. It was developed as a prototype for a nuclear B-70 bomber. Two prototypes were built between 1964-1970. Flight tests happen between 1964-1970. One of the prototype was lost in 1966 and other one is kept in the National Museum of United States Air Force. It had a capability of reaching Mach 3.1( 2,056 mph, 3,309 km/h)
Bell X-2 is rocket powered research plane and developed jointly by Bell, US Air Force and the National Advisory committee . It completed its first flight in November 1955. The maximum speed is Mach 3.2( 2,094 mph, or 3,370 km/h). The attempt was made to take the speed to Mach 3.3 but the aircraft turned and the plan failed.
MiG-25 Foxbat was designed by The Mikoyan-Gurevich to intercept enemy aircraft at supersonic speeds and to collect reconnaissance data. The plane is one of the fastest planes ever made. The plane has an amazing speed of 3.3 Mach (2,190 mph, or 3,524 km/h). Mig 25 is still in limited use in Russian AIr Force, Syrian Air Force and Algerian Air force.
The lockheed YF-12 is American prototype and a twin seat version made for US Air Force by Lockheed Corporation in late 1950s and early 1960s. It's top speed is 3.2 mach (2,070 mph, or 3,330 km/h) and it made it's first flight in 1963. The U.S Air Force eventually cancelled the project but lockheed did many research operations during until 1978.
The SR-71 blackbird is developed by Lockheed in 1960s for US Air Force. The project was highly classified. It is twin seater and had a twin engine. It was capable of outracing potential threats. The maximum speed of SR-71 Blackbird is Mach 3.3 ( more than 2,200 mph, or 3,540 km/h). Blackbird was in operation from 1964 to 1998 and had a great role during Cold war.
X-15 is jointly developed by NASA and the U.S Air Force. It is the fastest fighter aircraft ever built. The top speed is Mach 6.2( 4,520 mph, 7,274 km/h). The X-15 was retired in 1970 but it was operated by many notable pilots like Neil Armstrong. Feel free to share. We all love science.