Surgery as we know it today has developed over the ages and has come up with fairly painless and safe techniques. But looking into the Victorian era, you'll begin to see surgery in a whole new light, a dark one. Check out these illustrations that vividly picture out the horrific procedures that existed during the Victorian Era.
The surgery involves a division of the internal muscles of the eyeball so that the eye would point into the right direction!
The doctor portrayed in this picture is the pioneering Scottish surgeon Robert Liston. He operated with a knife gripped between his teeth and could amputate a leg in under three minutes.
The process is done using sutures and a suture hook, with a compression on the abdomen to reduce the aortic blood flow.
The image shows the relative positions of the lungs, heart, and primary blood vessels.
Dissection showing the aorta and the major arteries of the thorax (the bit inside the ribcage) and the abdomen.