On In History & Culture

This is How Lord Krishna Initiated the Festival of Colour - Holi

Hurrayyyy! Bura na maano holi hai. Hi folks, Happy Holi!Today, I am gonna share something exciting about one of the most vibrant festivals of India. This festival is said to be the favourite of all of our mischievous Banke Bihari, i.e., Lord Krishna and Radha Rani.In this article, we'll be talking about why this festival is so close to the heart of Lord Krishna and how is it celebrated at Braj Bhumi? And what did he try to tell us through these colours? So, let's know more about it.     

According to Vikram Sawant Hindu Calendar...

Well, Holi, the festival of colours, is celebrated on Poornima (Full Moon) of fagun. It signifies the victory of good over evil, the arrival of spring, end of winter and for many a festive day to meet others, play and laugh. Forget & forgive, and repair broken relationships, and is also celebrated as a thanksgiving for a good harvest. There are many mythologies associated with this beautiful festival.  Let's take a look at them... 

What importance does Braj Bhumi hold in the name of Holi? 

And this time, I am gonna share one of my personal favourite mythological incidences to you all. This incidence is a narration on a naughty boy of Braj Bhumi (North India), i.e., Lord Krishna, and his playful prank by using abeer gulal (colours) on Radha Rani and Gopis of Braj Bhumi.   I wonder, what clicked in the mischievous mind of Banke Bihari? Why did he apply colour to the beautiful face of Radha Rani? Is there any message hidden behind this playful prank? Let's find out...     

Maiyaa, "Radha kyun gori...main kyu kaala?"

Lord Krishna expresses his jealousy for Radha Rani's fair complexion. 

One day, baby Lord Krishna complains his mother Yashoda Ji about the injustice of nature for his dark complexion and asks his mother why Radha Rani has fair complexion? Looking to his innocent style of questioning and at the same moment observing sadness on his beloved child's face, Yashoda Ji playfully suggests Lord Krishna smear colour on Radha Rani's face and change her complexion to any colour he wants. Fascinated by the idea, Lord Krishna proceeds to do so and thus smears colour on the face of Radha Rani. 

"Rang mei rang dayi baah pakad layi, laajan maar gayi hori mein...."

Lord Krishna's playful prank of colours with Radha Rani.   

Lord Krishna didn't only smear colour on the face of Radha Rani but also played this lovable prank with other Gopis using water jets called 'Pichkari'. And this way this small and beautiful incidence dramatised by Lord Krishna and Radha Rani left an impact in hearts of thousands of Braj-vasis (people who reside in North India, i.e., Uttar Pradesh). Till this date, use of colours and pichkari is rampant in Holi.  

Places in India where this legacy is continued.

Yes, this culture is wonderfully brought alive each year all over India, particularly in the streets of Mathura, Vrindavan, Barsana and Nandgaon. These are the popular places associated with Lord Krishna and Radha Rani. Every place has its unique style of celebration, like in Mathura - Bhang is crushed and mixed with milk. Similarly, Barsana and Nandgaon have collaborative tradition named as Lathmaar Holi; wherein, men are dressed in colourful clothes, women of Barsana playfully beat laathi to men coming from the neighbouring village, Nandgaon, while the men try to protect themselves with the shield.     

"Aaj Biraj mei Hori re o rasiya....."

Also, at the temples in Barsana... 

Ladoos and flowers are put in plastic bags and thrown at each other. In Vrindavan at Banke Bihari temple, priests sprinkle blessed colour and watercolour made from Kesuda flower on the devotees as a kind of prasad.   Woah! So much fun and energetic form of celebration. Isn't it?

"Maaro Shyam pichkari aab deungi gaari..."

So, is there any social significance behind this play?

Yeah, of course, there is a social significance behind the celebration of every Indian festival. Such gathering brings society together. It strengthens the secular fabric of the country. The beauty of this festival is featured by turning your enemies into friends and forget the feeling of hardship that may be present. Further, results in the elimination of a class like rich and poor.  

"Kore kore kallas mangao rang kesar ghori ke..."

Not only social but biological significances too...

There are not only social significances present but also biological significances too. Well, during this season when people tend to feel sleepy and lazy. And to counteract this tardiness of the body, people sing loudly or even speak loudly. Therefore, the brisk movements on loud music rejuvenate the system of the human body. 

This time let's have an eco-friendly Holi!  

So guys, what are you waiting for? Just say 'Radhe Radhe' and smear colour on your beloved ones. Dance to the tune of Banke Bihari. Enjoy the festival with full zest and fervour but do take care of animals and save water. Hurt no one and with the power of colours, win the heart of the disappointed ones and let's eliminate jealous and injustice. Have a safe, spiritually melodious and eco-friendly Holi.